Section one of this paper (pp 1-10) defines a number of key terms. It
outlines the various forms of gambling and provides an overview of the extent
of gambling in New South Wales and Australia.
Section two (pp 10-20) examines the history of gambling in Australia. It
adopts the classification used by the Australian Institute for Gambling
Research, which divided gambling history into four periods: the early period of
colonisation (1788-1940s); post-war gambling (1945-70); commercialisation and
growth (1970s and 80s); and competition and globalisation (1990s onwards).
Section three (pp 20-30) discusses the way gambling is regulated in New
South Wales and provides details of the main gambling legislation. Section four
(pp 31-42) subsequently gives an overview of the legislation in other
Australian jurisdictions, as well as a brief summary of the situation in the
United Kingdom and United States of America.
Section five (pp 43-54) focuses on the financial aspect of gambling. It
notes the positive and negative economic impacts of gambling as well as
providing data on the size of the gambling industry in New South Wales and
Australia. It scrutinises the contribution of gambling to government revenue,
with a particular focus on gaming machine taxation.
Section six (pp 54-75) highlights the social aspects of gambling. It
explores the reason people gamble, the attitude of the community, and the
phenomenon of problem gambling. Harm minimisation measures are outlined
including responsible gambling, statewide caps, the community development and
support expenditure scheme, the casino community benefit fund, treatment
services and exclusion schemes. The controversy surrounding online gambling is
explained, and the various links between gambling and crime are discussed.