Mr William Morris HUGHES (1862 - 1952)**

  • Date of Birth: 25/09/1862
  • Place of Birth: Pimlico, London, England
  • Date of Death: 27/11/1952
  • Place of Death: Lindfield, New South Wales, Australia

Parliamentary Service

PositionStartEndPeriodNotes
Member of the NSW Legislative Assembly17 Jul 189411 Jun 19016yr(s) 10mth(s) 26day(s)
Member for Sydney-Lang17 Jul 18943 Jul 189511mth(s) 17day(s)
16th (1894 - 1895)
Member for Sydney-Lang24 Jul 18958 Jul 18982yr(s) 11mth(s) 15day(s)
17th (1895 - 1898)
Member for Sydney-Lang27 Jul 189811 Jun 19012yr(s) 10mth(s) 16day(s)
18th (1898 - 1901)
Case of Mr A.J.C Single Committee No.919 Sep 189510 Oct 189522days
17th (1895 - 1898)
Pitt Town Settlement Committee No.306 Oct 189612 Nov 18961mth 7days
17th (1895 - 1898)
Chairman
Claim of Mr Theophilus Stephens – Crown Law Department Committee No.3420 Oct 189611 Nov 189623days
17th (1895 - 1898)
Elections and Qualifications Committee No. 622 Jun 18988 Jul 189817days
17th (1895 - 1898)
Borough of Lithgow Validating Bill Committee No.211 Dec 18988 Dec 18988days
18th (1898 - 1901)
Estate of the late S.M Swift of Petersham Committee No.2313 Dec 189822 Dec 189810days
18th (1898 - 1901)
Chairman
Estate of the late S.M Swift of Petersham Committee No.31 Aug 189921 Dec 18994mths 21days
18th (1898 - 1901)
Terrace Street Closing Bill Committee No.89 Aug 189915 Aug 18997days
18th (1898 - 1901)
Claim of Mr Theophilus Stephens- Crown Law Department Committee No. 2021 Nov 189930 Nov 189910days
18th (1898 - 1901)
Action of Mr.Chisholm, Police Magistrate at Wollongong, in the case of Morgan v. Clift Committee No. 2221 Nov 189930 Nov 189910days
18th (1898 - 1901)
Claim by Messrs Maddison and Ewing Contractors Committee No.152 Aug 190027 Sep 19001mth 26days
18th (1898 - 1901)
Case of Quartermaster Sergeant Troy Committee No.216 Sep 190029 Nov 19002mths 24days
18th (1898 - 1901)
Church of England Property Trust, Diocese of Goulburn Committee No.245 Oct 19005 Dec 19002mths 1day
18th (1898 - 1901)

Political Party Activity

Australian Labor Party (ALP); federal leader 1915 - 1916; left over conscription 1916; Nationalist; United Australia Party; Liberal Party


Qualifications, occupations and interests

Labourer and shopkeeper. Educated at Llandudo, Wales and St Stephens Church of England school, Westminster where he was a pupil/teacher and teacher. Arrived in Queensland in 1884; bushworker; drover, seaman etc. Journeyed to Sydney c.1886. Became a kitchen man, oven-maker, and odd job man; Became a shopkeeper at Balmain. While in Parliament read for the Bar and was admitted in 1903. As a young man was a Member of Sydney School of the Arts Debating Society.; member of single tax league 1890 - 1892, Socialist League 1892 - 1898, Political organiser, Young Trades Council 1893; Waterside Workers Federation 1902 - 1916. Completed 50 years of continuous parliamentary service in 1944.


Honours Received

Kings Counsel in 1909


Membership of other Parliaments & Offices Held

Member of the Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia. Member of the House of Representatives for West Sydney 1901 - 1917; for Bendigo 1917 - 1922; for North Sydney 1922 - 1949; and for Bradfield 1949 - 1952. Prime Minister of Australia 1915 - 1923.


Personal

Son of William Hughes, carpenter and joiner, and Jane Morris. Married (1) Elizabeth Cutts in 1886 and had issue, 3 daughters and 3 sons. Married (2) Mary Ethel Campbell and had issue, 1 daughter. Church of England.


Additional Information

Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 9 L. F. Fitzhardinge, 'William Morris Hughes: a political biography. I, That Fiery Particle 1862 - 1914', 1964 W. J. Hudson, 'Billy Hughes in Paris: the birth of Australian diplomacy', 1978 Donald Horne, 'In Search of Billy Hughes', 1979 Malcolm Booker, 'The great professional: a study of W. M. Hughes', 1980 Donald Horne, 'Billy Hughes', 2000 National Archives of Australia, 'Australia's Prime Ministers' Website http://primeministers.naa.gov.au/ National Archives of Australia Fact Sheet 73: William Morris Hughes Prime Minister of Australia 1915-23' http://www.naa.gov.au/fsheets/FS73.html Personal papers in the Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales: William Morris Hughes - telegram, 1916 (MLDOC 1014)